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How do carbohydrates impact your health
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How do carbohydrates impact your health

#1
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[Image: Tagliatelle-Food-Noodles-Pasta-Raw-Carbo...147811.jpg]


Which of these has the least carbohydrates?

roll of bread?

bowl of rice?

Or  can of soda?

It's a trick question.

Although they may differ in fats, vitamins, and other nutritional content, when it comes to carbs, they're pretty much the same.

So what exactly does that mean for your diet?

First of all, carbohydrate is the nutritional category for sugars and molecules that your body breaks down to make sugars.

Carbohydrates are often simple or complex counting on their structure.

This is an easy sugar, or monosaccharide.

Glucose, fructose, and galactose are all simple sugars.

Link two of them together, and you have got a disaccharide, lactose, maltose, or sucrose.

Complex carbohydrates, on the opposite hand, have three or more simple sugars strung together.
[Image: Carbohydrate_-_Acetal.jpg]

Complex carbohydrates with three to 10 linked sugars are oligosaccharides.

Those with quite ten are polysaccharides.

During digestion, your body breaks down those complex carbohydrates into their monosaccharide building blocks, which your cells can use for energy.

So once you eat any carbohydrate-rich food, the sugar level in your blood, normally a few teaspoon, goes up.

But your alimentary canal doesn't answer all carbohydrates an equivalent .

Consider starch and fiber, both polysaccharides, both derived from plants, both composed of hundreds to thousands of monosaccharides joined together, but they're joined together differently, which changes the effect they need on your body.

In starches, which plants mostly store for energy in roots and seeds, glucose molecules are joined together by alpha linkages, most of which may be easily cleaved by enzymes in your alimentary canal .

But in fiber, the bonds between monosaccharide molecules are beta bonds, which your body can't break down.

Fiber also can trap some starches, preventing them from being cleaved, leading to something called resistant starch.

So foods high in starch, like crackers and light bread , are digested easily, quickly releasing an entire bunch of glucose into your blood, exactly what would happen if you drank something high in glucose, like soda.

These foods have a high glycemic index, the quantity that a specific food raises the sugar level in your blood.

Soda and light bread have an identical glycemic index because they need an identical effect on your blood glucose .

But once you eat foods high in fiber, like vegetables, fruits, and whole grains, those indigestible beta bonds slow the discharge of glucose into the blood.

Those foods have a lower glycemic index, and foods like eggs, cheese, and meats have rock bottom glycemic index.

When sugar moves from the alimentary canal to the blood stream, your body kicks into action to transfer it into your tissues where it are often processed and used for energy.

Insulin, a hormone synthesized within the pancreas, is one among the body's main tools for sugar management.

When you eat and your blood glucose rises, insulin is secreted into the blood.

It prompts your muscle and fat cells to let glucose in and jump starts the conversion of sugar to energy.

The degree to which a unit of insulin lowers the blood glucose helps us understand something called insulin sensitivity.

The more a given unit of insulin lowers blood glucose , the more sensitive you're to insulin.

If insulin sensitivity goes down, that's referred to as insulin resistance.

The pancreas still sends out insulin, but cells, especially muscle cells, are less and fewer aware of it, so blood glucose fails to decrease, and blood insulin continues to rise.

Chronically consuming tons of carbohydrates may cause insulin resistance, and lots of scientists believe that insulin resistance results in a significant condition called metabolic syndrome.

That involves a constellation of symptoms, including high blood glucose , increased waist circumference, and high vital sign .

It increases the danger of developing conditions, like disorder and sort II diabetes.

And its prevalence is rapidly increasing everywhere the planet .

As much as 32% of the population within the U.S. has metabolic syndrome.

So let's revisit to your diet.

Whether your food tastes sweet or not, sugar is sugar, and too many carbs are often a drag .

So maybe you'll be wanting to require a expire that pasta sushi roll pita burrito donut burger sandwich



By Richard J. Wood

References
  1. How to maintain blood sugar levels?
  2. Video from TED-Ed
  3. Richard J. Wood

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Good Article FAKHRY
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(09-09-2020, 08:50 PM)aljawir_admin Wrote:  Good Article FAKHRY

Thanks boss

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